Stages of Waste Water Treatment Process.
Industrial and domestic processes lead to various forms of waste including water, solids and gases. These types of wastes are directed into the environment and cab e hazardous. However, if the wastes are taken through treatment plants, the amount of harm done to the environment could be minimal. The end products of the waste treatment plants includes clean water, harmless biodegradable and recycled products The treatment process for the waste depends on the source and type of waste. A typical waste product in both homes and industries is the wastewater. There are different stages of the wastewater treatment process.
Most homes treat their water using the septic system Though the septic system is simple, it should always remain functional. However, septic systems serving large populations are complex since they have to absorb lots of waste. There are however wastewater treatment plants for use in high factories and residential estates. There are manufacturers of wastewater treatment plants and can assist you in design and construction of wastewater treatment plants. They will design the plan according to the project specific needs. They have engineers who will oversee the whole project from the design stage to the monitoring and maintenance tasks. These are a sophisticated process that requires large investments. The water released from these systems are quality clean and therefore used at commercial levels.
There are three main stages in the water treatment process. water flows through pipes by means of pumping or gravitational force. In these reservoirs, there is removal of floating and suspending solids. This process happens in the presence of centrifugal force. The process can remove the about 60% of the suspended solids. Removal of solids can be increased through addition of chemicals. The water is taken to the second stage of treatment known as the secondary stage of organic stage. In the second stage, the remaining biodegradable and suspending articles are given as food to organism such as fish. The organisms consume the biodegradable components in the water and remove the phosphates and nitrates in the water. About 80% of water impurities is removed at this stage. Water passed through his phase is not hazardous to the environment.
However, to make the water pure, the third stage is incorporated. It is referred to as the tertiary stage and water can be used for a wide range of uses. Various chemicals are applied to remove the impurities and ensure that it is safe. Chlorine is used to purify the water though it has been disputed in the recent times.
Water pumped into the wastewater treatment plant should not contain industrial chemicals. The company responsible for releasing water with industrial chemical should take responsibility by establishing a treatment plant at their base to remove the chemicals.
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